COVID-19 is a virus that is primarily spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets produced by an infected person. While many vaccines exist against different strains of known viruses, there is currently no vaccine to prevent Coronavirus.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most effective way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to COVID-19.
To minimize the spread of the coronavirus and to protect yourself and others, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends practicing the following steps:
- Be sure to wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. The best way to know if you are washing and scrubbing your hands long enough is by singing the happy birthday song twice.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. To properly utilize hand sanitizer, make sure you are covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Make sure to have at least 6 feet of distance between yourself and others. This rule of thumb is critical, especially for those who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. It’s certainly a hard habit to break, but by not touching your face, you are substantially reducing the risk of infection.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, and then throw the tissue in the trash. If you don’t have access to tissues, use the inside of your elbow to avoid spreading any respiratory droplets.
- Stay home when you are sick. It is imperative that you self-quarantine when you are sick to stop the spread of illness and to recover properly at home.